The Treasury Yield Retreats from 5% Mark

The Treasury yield, which recently came close to surpassing the significant 5% level, experienced a pullback on Friday. Although some sources suggested that the yield briefly breached 5%, this has not been confirmed by FactSet or TradeWeb data.

On Thursday, the yield reached as high as 4.996%, but tensions in the Middle East resulted in a renewed demand for safe-haven assets. As a result, the 10-year yield (BX:TMUBMUSD10Y) dropped to around 4.9%. This also caused rates on other treasury bills, such as the 3-month Treasury bills (BX:TMUBMUSD03M) and the 30-year bond (BX:TMUBMUSD30Y), to decline. Currently, investors are capitalizing on the opportunity to purchase the 10-year Treasury notes at a lower price, which is a consequence of recent selloffs. However, analysts warn that it is challenging to predict short-term market dynamics given the possibility of a market selloff resurgence.

One factor contributing to the uncertain market conditions is the increasing supply of Treasury bonds by the U.S. government. The government’s growing borrowing needs are raising concerns that investors will require more compensation for holding long-term debts until maturity.

Market Update: Treasury’s Refunding Announcement and the Prospects of a 5% 10-Year Yield

On Oct. 30 and Nov. 1, Treasury is set to provide updated guidance on its borrowing needs and auction sizes, coinciding with the Federal Reserve’s next policy decision. This move by Treasury could potentially overshadow the Federal Open Market Committee’s policy decision, leading to a continuation of the selloff in Treasuries. Experts from BMO Capital Markets, Ian Lyngen and Ben Jeffery, see this as fertile ground for a surge in Treasury yields in anticipation of the upcoming coupon supply.

While the 10-year yield has not yet reached 5%, it is expected to do so in the near future. This milestone holds significance for stock-market investors, as a 5% 10-year yield could diminish the appeal of equities and make government debt a more attractive investment option.

Last Friday, the 10-year yield fell approximately 7 basis points to reach 4.9%. This drop was triggered by concerns over a potential conflict in the Middle East, which prompted investors to seek safety in Treasurys. As a result, all three major stock indexes, DJIA, SPX, and COMP, were down in afternoon trading.

Read: Why Stock-Market Investors Are Fixated on a 5% 10-Year Treasury Yield Nearing a Key Threshold

The Rise of the 10-Year Yield: Implications for the US Economy


The 10-year yield in the US has seen a significant increase in recent months, jumping 170.2 basis points since hitting a 52-week low of approximately 3.29% on April 5. This surge raises important questions about the state of the US economy and the potential need for higher interest rates to manage demand and activity.

Economic Outlook

A 10-year yield of 5% would suggest a favorable outlook for the US economy, where growth is expected to be moderate and sustainable. This scenario, often referred to as a “Goldilocks” scenario, implies that the US economy is neither too hot nor too cold. Some experts even argue that this favorable economic condition could last for a decade. However, others believe that in order to maintain this state, the Federal Reserve must significantly raise its main interest-rate target over the next ten years.

Assessing the Situation

BMO Capital Markets notes that while technical indicators currently point towards higher rates in the short term, they are inclined towards lower yields over the weekend due to the absence of major economic data on Friday. Nevertheless, their conviction that the 5% mark will eventually be surpassed continues to grow.


The rise of the 10-year yield in the US raises important questions for policymakers regarding the need for higher interest rates to manage demand and activity in the economy. As the yield approaches the 5% mark, maintaining a balance between economic growth and stability becomes crucial.

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