The Biden administration has made a significant move in the field of artificial intelligence (AI) by issuing the first executive order on AI technology in the United States. This sweeping order aims to bring AI systems from major tech companies like Microsoft, Google, and Amazon under government scrutiny and steer the sector away from self-regulation.
Under the new order, developers of the most powerful AI systems will be required to share safety-test results and other critical information with the U.S. government. The National Institute of Standards and Technology will develop the standards for testing these AI systems.
In addition, the government plans to develop guidance for labeling AI-generated content and establish an AI-enabled cybersecurity program.
This executive order represents a significant shift from previous voluntary commitments made by companies like Amazon, Microsoft, Google-parent Alphabet, and Meta Platforms. However, it is important to note that the new safety testing requirements are expected to apply primarily to next-generation AI systems developed by big tech companies, rather than current versions.
According to government aides cited by The Wall Street Journal, “These are the most significant actions ever taken by any government to advance the field of AI safety,” said the White House in a statement.
This executive order also reflects an international race to establish AI regulation. The European Union is actively working on its own draft rules for the sector, while China has already implemented strict controls on AI technology.
To address these global challenges, the White House stated that the State Department, in collaboration with the Commerce Department, will take the lead in establishing robust international frameworks for harnessing the benefits of AI while managing its risks and ensuring safety.
Overall, this executive order signifies a major step forward in the field of AI safety and regulation. It sets a precedent for government involvement in overseeing AI development and signals the Biden administration’s commitment to advancing this technology responsibly.