Charlie Munger: A Legendary Investor with a Focus on Value

Charlie Munger, the esteemed 99-year-old vice chairman of Berkshire Hathaway and Warren Buffett’s trusted right-hand man, has amassed an impressive empire, with Forbes estimating his net worth to be around $2.4 billion. Munger’s investment strategy revolves around concentrated groupings of stocks that he believes will yield long-term gains. While this approach has proven successful for him, even Munger’s portfolio has shown signs of vulnerability.

Cracks in the Armor

Three of Munger’s largest stock holdings have displayed some weakness in recent times. Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. (BABA), a renowned Chinese multinational technology company, has experienced a loss of 4.56% in 2023—Munger currently owns an impressive 302,060 shares of this company. U.S. Bancorp (USB), with 140,000 shares held by Munger, has endured a year-to-date loss of 20.80%. Bank of America Corp. (BAC), which boasts a staggering 2.3 million shares in Munger’s portfolio, has suffered a loss of 10.51% this year. These figures are based on Morningstar data as of July 4.

A Glimpse Into Munger’s Investing Philosophy

Munger has long been respected as a value investor who looks at the long-term picture. In 2021, he explained his perspective on value investing by stating, “Value investing—the way I conceive it—is always wanting to get more value than you pay for when you buy a stock, and that approach will never go out of style.” Munger’s focus lies in carefully selecting a handful of exceptional companies rather than diversifying with numerous options. He believes, “A lot of people think if they have 100 stocks, they’re investing more professionally than if they have four or five… I regard this as insanity… I think it’s much easier to find five than it is to find 100.”

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The Long-Term Approach of Value Investors

“It’s important to note that Munger is a famously long-term investor in his thinking,” says Jake Miller, co-founder of private capital platform Opto Investments. Value investors, like Munger, focus on holding undervalued securities for the long run, rather than chasing short-term market trends or trying to time the pricing of securities precisely.

The Value in Discounted Stocks

Munger’s ownership of these stocks can be attributed to their discounted prices compared to their peers. According to Miller, all three companies trade at a discount in terms of their individual price-to-earnings ratio (P/E). This underperformance may strengthen a value investor’s conviction, as long as their fundamental analysis of the company supports confidence in its long-term prospects.

Understanding the P/E Ratio

The P/E ratio, short for price-to-earnings ratio, is a key metric used by investors to assess the value of a company’s stock price relative to its earnings over a specific period. It is calculated by dividing the price of a share by the company’s earnings-per-share. Typically, a P/E ratio of 20 to 25 is considered average.

Investors often use the P/E ratio as a benchmark to determine how much they are willing to pay for each dollar of a company’s earnings. For instance, a P/E ratio of 15 suggests that investors would pay $15 for every dollar of a company’s earnings.

Reimagining the Text: Investment Insights

To provide valuable insights into the current market landscape, let’s examine the performance of some well-known stocks. It is worth noting that each of the stocks mentioned below falls within or below the industry average.

Alibaba Group Holding Limited (BABA) had a month-end P/E ratio of 22.04 in June 2023. While this figure is considered to be within the average range, it is significantly lower than its value in January (145.28), as reported by Morningstar.

On the other hand, both U.S. Bancorp (USB) and Bank of America Corporation (BAC) had P/E ratios well below the industry average, with values of 8.83 and 8.62, respectively, according to available data.

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Should You Consider Munger’s Stock Picks?

It’s natural for individuals to seek advice from acclaimed investors like Munger or Buffett when it comes to investment decisions. However, it is essential to recognize that each investor has distinct financial goals and circumstances. Jessica Davis, a certified financial planner at Tudor Financial, emphasizes the importance of considering personal circumstances when making investment choices. She notes that billionaire investors often have different time horizons and may be investing for multiple generations.

Anthony Colancecco, CFP at Ballentine Capital Advisors, sums it up by stating, “Stock picking is a gamble that most investors can’t win.”

Remember, successful investing is a thoughtful process that requires aligning your investment strategy with your specific circumstances, goals, and time horizons.

Reimagining the Text: Concentrated Equity Value Investing


When it comes to investing, many individuals dream of owning a significant stake in a well-established company like Berkshire Hathaway. However, according to investment expert Miller, the reality is that most investors do not have the privilege of owning nearly 1% of Berkshire Hathaway (BRK.B, -0.03%) or having a diverse portfolio that includes income-oriented and private investments. Miller cautions against following the stock portfolio strategy of Munger, as it may not be suitable for the average investor due to concentration risk.

A Holistic Approach

Although Munger may appear to be a risky stock investor, constantly seeking out opportunities to make millions, Miller emphasizes the importance of considering Munger’s overall investment approach and wealth preservation strategy. While stocks like Alibaba, U.S. Bancorp, and BofA represent concentrated positions in one of Munger’s portfolios, he also has a substantial amount of his wealth invested in Berkshire Hathaway, which itself is a diversified entity. Furthermore, despite limited information about Munger’s complete holdings, it is likely that he has diversified allocations in fixed income securities and private investments.


In conclusion, Miller highlights the risks associated with concentrating one’s investment portfolio solely on a few bets like Munger does. For the average investor, this level of risk may not be appropriate or advisable. It is essential to consider a holistic approach to investing and wealth preservation, diversifying across different asset classes and maintaining a balanced portfolio. By doing so, investors can navigate the volatility of equity markets more effectively and achieve long-term financial success.

The Importance of Diversification in Investing

Diversification is a valuable lesson that individual investors should take to heart, according to experts in the field. In simple terms, diversification involves investing money into various types of stocks, bonds, and other securities to minimize reliance on the performance of any single investment. By spreading your investments across different assets, you can reduce the risk of significant losses. However, it’s essential to remember that managing risk does not mean avoiding it entirely. In fact, taking risks is necessary to achieve potential returns. The key is understanding and effectively managing risk, which allows for more confident and secure investing while staying in the market.

Warren Buffett himself advocates for a straightforward approach, suggesting that for most people, investing in index funds is the better option. He believes that by regularly investing in an index fund, even someone with limited knowledge can outperform investment professionals.

Similarly, Anthony Colancecco, a certified financial planner at Ballentine Capital Advisors, warns against stock picking as a gamble that most investors cannot win. Despite the allure of selecting individual stocks, the track record of stock pickers overall has been abysmal, with the majority failing to consistently outperform the market.

To gain a clearer perspective, let’s consider the outcomes if one had invested in a wider selection of stocks as opposed to solely relying on those three losing stocks in 2023. For instance, the S&P 500 (SPX, -0.79%), which tracks the 500 largest U.S. companies, has recorded a year-to-date gain of 15.68%. On the other hand, the Dow Jones (DJIA, -0.77%) has seen an increase of 3.39% during the same period this year.

In conclusion, diversification is a crucial aspect of risk management in investing. By diversifying your portfolio and spreading your investments across various assets, you can reduce the risk of significant losses and enhance your prospects for returns. Following the advice of experienced investors like Warren Buffett and recognizing the limitations of stock picking can help individuals make informed investment decisions.

Investing for Long-Term Wealth

Investors should approach the stock market with a long-term perspective, says Colancecco. Rather than seeking quick profits, the goal should be to build wealth over time. Throughout history, it has been evident that long-term investing generally leads to the best outcomes, despite short-term market fluctuations. Colancecco warns against trying to time the market by making investment decisions based on short-term predictions, like anticipating the next crisis or following market fads. Even professionals find it challenging to accurately predict market movement.

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